Cartel deterrence

Alan Holland

Is a means used to deter cartels from forming (by creating unfavourable conditions for example).

Collusion

Alan Holland

Occurs when rival companies collaborate for mutual benefit (often to set pricing at an artificially high level).

Combinatorial Auction

Alan Holland

This occurs when the suppliers bundle packages of lots together into favourable combinations i.e. perhaps contiguous lots on geographical tenders. As a result of them packaging lots favourably they will typically offer discounts.

Combinatorial Discounting

Alan Holland

These are discounts that result from suppliers bundling lots into favourable packages upon which they then offer appealing discounts.

Common Procurement Vocabulary (CPV) Codes

Alan Holland

This is a standardisation of vocabulary for public sector procurement professionals to ensure a single classification system exists for use in procurement contracts.

Compliance

Alan Holland

In public sector procurement it is important that those procuring goods and services to ensure the process complies with relevant EU legislation.

Computational Challenges

Alan Holland

One implication of inviting more expressive bidding from suppliers is that computing a winning outcome can be difficult (particularly in the case where there are multiple participants offering a range of conditional discounts).

Conditional Discounting

Alan Holland

These are discounts offered by bidders conditional on certain events occurring i.e. if I win more than 2 Lots I will offer a 10% discount.

Contiguous Lots

Alan Holland

These are adjacent or adjoining lots i.e. neighbouring lots. It is likely that some suppliers would award discounts based on the resultant savings from winning contiguous (geographical) lots.

Debrief Reports

Alan Holland

These are simple feedback reports sent to unsuccessful applicants. The purpose of them is to enable the suppliers to understand more about their application so they can be more competitive on any future submissions.